Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Dietary Risk to Obesity - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 556 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2018/12/28 Category Health Essay Type Research paper Level High school Tags: Diet Essay Obesity Essay Risk Essay Did you like this example? INTRODUCTION Two-Thirds of ADULTS are obese One in Three Americans are obese Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Dietary Risk to Obesity" essay for you Create order Obesity nearly doubled from 1991 to 1998 poor diets is a contributing factor by 50% A proper diet with moderate exercise is key to modifying the obesity risk factor in todays adults and children. In the United States, roughly 112,000 deaths per year are directly related to obesity, Patients with a BMI over 40, life expectancy is reduced significantly C.M. is currently overweight has an extensive family history of co morbidities that this will contribute too Most of the diet aspects of risk in obesity are independent, the main dietary aspect mostly considered as a risk factor to obesity is overeating. The factor is called independent since it has the capacity of causing obesity single handedly. Another aspect of diet is unbalanced diet, taking too much of carbohydrates can lead to obesity since the food are stored at a higher rate that they are utilized. The individual thus increase in body weight a situation known as obesity. Short-term goals To cut back on calorie intake: Reduce / Cut out Sodas Reduce amount of Sweets Eat smaller portions Exercise 2-3 times a week for 30 minutes Set realistic weight loss limits 5-8 lbs a month Long-term goals Maintain weight that has been lost Increase exercise to 3-5 times a week Stay healthy through diet and physical activity INTERVENTIONS Nursing interventions for the Preparation stage Fix date With the patient; in this make sure that t6he time is convenient for the patient it may be after works or during the weekends Respond to questions regarding the benefits of losing weight. The questions may be sensitive and so it calls for proper understanding of the patient and every question that they project Inform about weight lose, diet change, exercise, medications Discuss the importance of thinking about situations that trigger the craving to eat Discuss alternative ways to cope Let the patient know of the health consequences of obesity in relation to bad diet Take the patient through a comprehensive general review of the whole system Explore and discuss emotions and events associated with eating. The clinician should do this after full inquiry of the dietary composition of the patient. Carry out and review daily food diary (caloric intake, types and amounts of food, eating habits).Make sure you are well equipped with the various foods that the patient is allergic to Emphasize the importance of avoiding fat diets and explain the risks that are associated with them many patients have doubted the interventions of the doctors claiming that the intentions are not clear. Develop an appetite reeducation plan with patient. Let the patient contribute most in the process. Explore and discuss emotions and events associated with eating. The clinician should do this after full inquiry of the dietary composition of the patient. REFERENCES 4 Obesity Nursing Care Plans Nurseslabs. (2017, April 11). Retrieved August 10, 2017, from FACEP, J. R. (n.d.). Obesity: Get the Facts on Guidelines and Statistics. Retrieved August 10, 2017, from Obesity Treatment. (n.d.). Retrieved August 10, 2017, from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2015 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition. December 2015. Available at

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Rhetorical Analysis Of The Las Vegas Shooting - 1173 Words

On October 2, 2017, a significant event took place in Las Vegas, Nevada; the Mandalay Bay, Las Vegas shooting. This mass shooting killed 59 innocent people and 527 and others were injured. It all happened during Route 91, an annual country music festival in Las Vegas. A hotel room in Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino s 32nd floor is where the shots were fired from. This tragedy has many people asking if it was terrorist-related. After doing some research, I found out that are different definitions for the word terrorism. defines terrorism as, â€Å"The use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes.† We hear about terrorist influenced tragedies happening around the globe every day. Could it†¦show more content†¦Another example of pathos is that the media is reporting that this mass shooting was the deadliest in modern history. As of now, Rouse statement is only a claim and to prove if he had any connection with a ter rorist group will require investigators to do major researching into his life. (CBS News) An article was written by Emanuella Grinberg who interviewed Eric Paddock, Stephan Paddock s brother. Eric stated that the last time he heard from his brother was when he communicated with him to ask how their mother was doing. He believes something went, â€Å"incredibly wrong,† with his brother. Eric stated, There s absolutely no way I could conceive that my brother would shoot a bunch of people that he didn t know† (CNN News). Eric also adds that his brother was a gambler who gambled frequently. He ends the interview by reporting that, upon moving his brother into his home in Mesquite, he did not see any machine guns. Grinberg could have interviewed Paddock’s brother to see if could find any information out about Paddock. The interview with Paddock’s brother could be an example of pathos because his brother is still in shock after all that has happened in this past days. Upon interviewing neighbors, Paddock was described as a quiet guy; one who wasn t se en or heard from often (Grinberg). In this article I noticed ethos and pathos. An example of pathos could be that Eric which is Paddock brother stated that the last time he talked to his brother was aboutShow MoreRelatedDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesLine 58 Understanding and Appreciating Individual Differences Important Areas of Self-Awareness 61 Emotional Intelligence 62 Values 65 Ethical Decision Making and Values 72 Cognitive Style 74 Attitudes Toward Change 76 Core Self-Evaluation 79 SKILL ANALYSIS 84 Cases Involving Self-Awareness 84 Communist Prison Camp 84 Computerized Exam 85 Decision Dilemmas 86 SKILL PRACTICE 89 Exercises for Improving Self-Awareness Through Self-Disclosure 89 Through the Looking Glass 89 Diagnosing Managerial Characteristics

Monday, December 9, 2019

Integrated and Quality Business Challenge Management

Question: Discuss about the Integrated and Quality Business Challenge Management. Answer: Introduction: I have completed my graduation from The University of Melbourne in the stream of civil engineering. I want to pursue my career in civil engineering to develop infrastructure for the country. I am very much enthusiastic and optimistic while maintaining ethical integrity in the stream. My family has motivated me in the academic pursuit. I want to work in a reputed company in Australia where I can learn new skills and knowledge about the field of studies. In my graduation days, I have gained theoretical knowledge about various subjects of civil engineering. I have realized that a glimpse of understanding has been achieved by me in my undergraduate days. Civil engineering is my dream choice of career planning from childhood. I have much expectation from this selection of the career. I want to develop many skills in the field of civil engineering such as design planning, critical infrastructure, sustainable construction, and geotechnical engineering. Personal skills include determined, committed, forward-thinking, open to new ideas. By joining a company in civil engineering, I want to develop society by building infrastructures using modern technologies. My expectations of achieving these skills will help me in planning a successful career in civil engineering stream. A team is required in every field of work. Both in colleges and in organizations, the group, is formed for smooth flow of work. In my college, the team is composed for presenting different topics of the semester in the classroom. It is the basics of developing personal skills that will help in evolve in the career. The team is formed by bonding, mutual communication and efforts of the team members. Team management skills are critical regarding work life also for getting the work done. Teams in both the levels have different sets of goals and objectives. Formation of the team with high productivity is time-consuming. In my college, while participating in teamwork, I have learned many skills and competencies. Initially, I was one of the team members. After some time, my team members have appointed me as a team leader due to my skills in team management (Wang et al. 2014). The knowledge and expertise that I have gained in my college days will surely help me in managing the team when I will join a reputed company. The roles of the team members play a vital role in accomplishing the goals and objectives of the team. A sample CV for a fresher civil engineer is as follows: Name of the Student, Address, Contact no. Email Id Key Competencies Detailed theoretical knowledge on various topics of civil engineering such as design planning, critical infrastructure, and structural design. Solid IT knowledge on drawing different infrastructures using GIS and AutoCAD. A solid knowledge of project management skills. An excellent performer as a team leader in college days. Additional Skills Openness to new ideas, data management, and detail oriented. Focused, open to feedback, imaginative, innovative. Determined, inspirational, and hardworking. Team working, high energy levels. Ambitious, motivated, and technical competence. Academic Qualifications University of Melbourne: Civil Engineering (2010-2014) City Guilds: Diploma in Project Management 2009. For developing the skills of team management, I have used strategies like maintaining communication, understanding the mentality of the team members and finally delegating tasks accordingly. In the first stage, my cooperation among the team members is very cordial. I used to follow up with the progress of the missions in the group for increased productivity of the team (Qian et al. 2013). My skills have improved in managing a team throughout my semester which results in occupying team leader in the end. I am keen to gain new knowledge and competencies whenever needed to increase my level of knowledge. Team management is a vital personal skill that will help to grow my grooming skills to an advanced level. By many failures in my team in initial days, I have found out the actual reason behind it and gradually communicating it throughout the team (Eden and Ackermann, 2013). While developing team management skills, I feel confidence in myself. The growth of trust among myself has driven me in bringing positive impacts in me. Apart from that, my team members and faculties are supportive in enhancing my skills. I have failed in many circumstances that have helped me in learning many skills while managing a team (Goetsch and Davis, 2014). The skill of managing a team is a vital personal skill that is required in every field of works. Leading a team in both college level and organizational level is an essential responsibility of a team leader for delivering quality work in the stipulated time. It also helps in the development of leadership skills for increasing the motivation of the team leaders (Parke et al. 2014). In this paragraph, assessment of my team and self-assessment is described that would serve as an evidence of the skills development if myself. Companies usually need proof of the skills present in the candidates. Documentary proof of the certificates that I have achieved for my excellent performance in my college will help me to gain a significant position in the company (Ravid et al. 2013). I have a strong background in the role of a team leader in my college. If an employer asks me regarding the documentary evidence, then I will be able to portray my competencies to them in an elaborate manner. My feedback from my team members is active. In achieving the position of the team leader in my semester days, my team members have supported me (Siassakos et al. 2013). My team members have different characteristics. They have different skills that help in improving the team performance at advanced levels. All the members are very cooperative and supportive. A smooth flow of communication is always maintained in my team. Diversity among the team members is a positive aspect of my team. It is the reason of creating better performance due to creativity among the team performers. I have also learned many things from seeing performances of other teams in my class. Collecting positive feedback from another team really helped my members for increased productivity. References Eden, C. and Ackermann, F., 2013.Making strategy: The journey of strategic management. Sage. Goetsch, D.L. and Davis, S.B., 2014.Quality management for organizational excellence. pearson. Parke, M.R., Campbell, E.M. and Bartol, K.M., 2014, January. Setting the stage for virtual team development: Designing teams to foster knowledge sharing. InAcademy of Management Proceedings(Vol. 2014, No. 1, p. 17244). Academy of Management. Qian, C., Cao, Q. and Takeuchi, R., 2013. Top management team functional diversity and organizational innovation in China: The moderating effects of environment.Strategic Management Journal,34(1), pp.110-120. Ravid, S., Shtub, A., Rafaeli, A. and Glikson, E., 2013. From Project Management to Team Integration: Key Issues in the Management of the Human Resource in Projects.Foundations and Trends (R) in Technology, Information and Operations Management,6(2), pp.89-160. Siassakos, D., Fox, R., Bristowe, K., Angouri, J., Hambly, H., Robson, L. and Draycott, T.J., 2013. What makes maternity teams effective and safe? Lessons from a series of research on teamwork, leadership and team training.Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica,92(11), pp.1239-1243. Wang, D., Waldman, D.A. and Zhang, Z., 2014. A meta-analysis of shared leadership and team effectiveness.Journal of Applied Psychology,99(2), p.181.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Smart Technology and the Dumbing Down of Society Essay Example

Smart Technology and the Dumbing Down of Society Paper Technology can be a great thing, from single tiny flash drives having more processing power than some of the oldest computers to getting humans on the Moon and rovers on Mars, technology has changed mankind and it’s a growing industry that sees no end in the future. Technology has influenced this generation greatly, making them as a whole smarter because of the millions of resources available at the click of a button, however ways technology affects this generation are not always good, technology has made this generation dumber on the individual level, not only has technology made this generation extremely dependent on technology and other people to provide new technology and information, technology has also made this generation ignorant, not knowing what it’s like to live without all this technology. Technology has been a great asset to people in a modernizing world, people on different sides of the world can communicate in minutes thanks to websites like skype and facebook, however this generation has taken advantage of that fact and it made them dependent on technology to do the things it does like video chatting with friends or posting on their favorite social media site or application. â€Å"A major downside of increased dependence on technologies is increased consequences if those technologies break down or disappear†(Jonathan Coopersmith in â€Å"Is technology making us dumber or smarter? Yes†) meaning that if the technologies of this generation break down this generation will be left helpless because we depend on technology too much in our everyday lives. We will write a custom essay sample on Smart Technology and the Dumbing Down of Society specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Smart Technology and the Dumbing Down of Society specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Smart Technology and the Dumbing Down of Society specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer This generation has made technology such a daily part of their lives that even classrooms in school have begun using technology, as stated by Matthew Lynch in â€Å"Do mobile devices in the classroom really improve learning outcomes?† †In 2013, an estimated 25% of U.S. schools had BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) policies in place† This means that a quarter of U.S. schools i

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Meursault vs MLK Jr essays

Meursault vs MLK Jr essays Martin Luther King Jr. was a man who was deeply committed to bringing justice to the Negroes of America. He expressed this commitment in his Letter from Birmingham Jail. This letter tells us a lot about the way in which King saw the world and the power relationships within it. It painted the picture of a determined man who saw his place in the grand scheme of things and knew how to use his power to achieve his goals. The character Meursault from the Albert Camus novel The Stranger also manipulates power to his advantage. Meursault on the other hand seems to be completely indifferent to what is going on around him. These two men have opposite personalities and yet they both come to the same end... power. How is this possible and what does this say about the typical power theory? To answer this question I will examine the ways in which both King and Meursault understand love, justice, religion and law. In his Letter from Birmingham Jail King expresses his love for the church, his love for freedom and his love for America. He follows the words of Jesus, who said, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and persecute you (479.) This approach to ones enemies is an interesting one. Rather than gaining power in the relationship by pushing others down it aims to gain power by lifting them up. Say person X hates person Y. Kings approach was that Y should return that hate with love. The desired result was that X would not be able to hate someone who loves him/her without feeling guilty and instead give the love back thus making the two equal. Meursault definitely does not share Kings opinion on love. Whereas King goes by the principle that love will be returned with love and leave nothing but equality Meursault does not see the importance in the whole thing. Marie obviously loves him but he does not love her (5...

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Greek Alphabet and Symbols in Chemistry

Greek Alphabet and Symbols in Chemistry Scholars used to be conversant with Greek and Latin as part of their education. They even used these languages to publish their ideas or work. Correspondence with other scholars was possible even if their native languages werent the same. Variables in science and mathematics need a symbol to represent them when they are written. A scholar would need a new symbol to represent their new idea and Greek was one of the tools at hand. Applying a Greek letter to a symbol became second nature. Today, while Greek and Latin arent on every students curriculum, the Greek alphabet is learned as needed. The table below lists all twenty-four letters in both upper and lowercase of the Greek alphabet used in science and mathematics. Name Upper Case Lower Case Alpha Beta Gamma Delta Epsilon Zeta Eta Theta Iota Kappa Lambda Mu Nu Xi Omicron Pi Rho Sigma Tau Upsilon Phi Chi Psi Omega

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Proposed Installation of a Swimming Pool Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Proposed Installation of a Swimming Pool - Essay Example Since some pools are easily removed while others become a permanent part of a property, this is an important consideration. Related to this concept is the type of coating or painting which should be used for a newly constructed pool. Another of your concerns was the safety features and insurance liability coverage you should carry, not only for your own family's security but also for visitors' coverage or for incidental pollution considerations. Electricity for pumps and filtering devices, accidental misuse of chemicals in the water and a host of other issues are involved here. While you did not ask us about enclosures or pool covers, we are including some information about these in this report. Since Atlanta is not actually in the semi-tropical areas of the USA, we felt you would appreciate some ideas for safe storage of the pool area in cooler weather. We did some interview research about the cost and life expectancy of both on-ground and in-ground pools. ( This was part of our research as to which of the three pool types to recommend to you and to provide you with the rationale for your decision. Our staff checked online sites for prices as well as the pros and cons of each of the three pool types. ... Our staff checked online sites for prices as well as the pros and cons of each of the three pool types. Of course, size influences price as surely as whether to build into the ground or on top of the ground. We looked at various building materials for the pool types. These include fiberglass, concrete, steel, aluminum and resin. We felt sure that you did not intend to be building an air-filled rubber pool so we did not check into that material. We have information on ground preparation for the pool types. The red clay of Georgia will not give you much problem for whichever type of pool you build. Lastly, we investigated liability insurance, pool covers and enclosures as well as cleaning and painting materials. In the next section of this report, we will break down our findings to aid in making an informed decision. Findings of Investigation Let us first consider the three possible pool types. They are above ground pools, on ground pools and in ground pools. There are descriptions and photos available online (Propools). The above ground pools are easily moved since they are made to be rather easily put together and taken apart. Within a few hours, the owner can put up the pool and fill it with water and begin using it. These pools sit on top of the ground. Just as easily, the pool can be disassembled for storage or removal to another spot. These pools can be made of aluminum, steel or resin. (sharkline). Pepper 3 The on ground pools are better for sloping ground and are similar to in ground pools in that they are more permanent. Their prices are a bit higher than the prices of the above ground pools since these pools are not easily removed. The third type of pool is the in ground pool. It

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Tourism in dubai Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Tourism in dubai - Research Paper Example 1.1 THESIS STATEMENT According to the present day context, tourism industry has been designated as second largest sectors after oil export in terms of revenue generation and prevalent employer within the United Arab Emirates (UAE) (Henderson, "Tourism in Dubai: Overcoming Barriers to Destination Development"). Keeping with the present spontaneous growth of the Dubai tourism industry, the study duly focus on critically discussing the inclusive tourism sector of Dubai through briefly demonstrating its historical journey towards becoming an emerging tourism destination for the global clients. Moreover, the discussion would also incorporate major attractions of Dubai along with its renowned events that enable the city to identify itself as one of the leading tourism destinations of the world. Additionally, the study would further reflect on the future initiatives of the Dubai government towards increasing the performance of its tourism sector. 2. BRIEF HISTORY OF DUBAI TOURISM INDUSTRY A ccording to the demographic measurements, Dubai is the most densely populated place as compare to the other emirates within the UAE. The place has been identified as one of the largest trade and business centers for the global marketers. In relation to the historical background of Dubai, the export of oil to overseas countries is the primary source for the place to gain economic growth. However, since the past few years, tourism has emerged as the major contributor to the economy of the city (Henderson, "Tourism in Dubai: Overcoming Barriers to Destination Development"). The establishment of Dubai Commerce and Tourism Promotion Board (DCTPB) in the year 1989 can be considered as the initial step of the government to modernize the Tourism Department of Dubai. However, DCTPB during the year 1997 was transformed and was later came to known as the Dubai Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing (DTCM) which was primarily intended towards promoting tourism in the city. The continuous development and considerable investments in the tourism industry has been widely recognized to introduce Dubai as a popular tourism destination for the global clients (Dubai Department of Tourism & Commerce Marketing, â€Å"Dubai for Tourism†). The primary objectives of the DTCM boards have been oriented towards increasing awareness of Dubai as a favorable and appealing tourist destination through continuous development of its tourism sector, with the intention to increase inward investment within the emirates. Moreover, the board is also identified to empower with adequate responsibility of conducting marketing and promotional activities of Dubai’s tourism sector. With this notion, the tourism industry of Dubai has fueled and obtained adequate capability of attracting global audiences towards its exceptional tourism and hospitality services (Dubai Department of Tourism & Commerce Marketing, â€Å"Dubai for Tourism†). 3. ATTRACTIONS In relation to the present to urism infrastructure, Dubai can be regarded as one of the unique and most dynamic tourism and business locations for the global audience. The tourism

Sunday, November 17, 2019

How Fitzgerald Tell the Story in Chapter 1 of the Great Gatsby Essay Example for Free

How Fitzgerald Tell the Story in Chapter 1 of the Great Gatsby Essay Write about some of the ways Fitzgerald tells the story in chapter 1 The chapter begins with Nick Carraway introducing himself as the narrator. Fitzgerald uses a first-person retrospective narrative, therefore we are given Nicks point of view throughout. The chapter begins with Nick remembering his father’s advice that â€Å"all people in this world haven’t had the advantages that [he’s] had† this tells the reader that the main theme of the novel is wealth. The use of the word â€Å"advantages† suggests that Nick comes from a wealthy family. Fitzgerald makes Nick claim that â€Å"I’m inclined to reserve all judgements† yet quickly contradicts this he tells â€Å"the intimate revelations of young men† are â€Å"marred by obvious suppressions†, by Fitzgerald doing this, the audience are given an opinion on Nick, realising he is likely to be an unreliable narrator. However when Nick says â€Å"I’m inclined to reserve all judgements† the reader may also feel that Nick will give a true and honest account of the events and will not be biased against any of the characters. Fitzgerald uses this chapter to set the scene of the novel. Fitzgerald makes it clear through Nick’s narration that the events within the novel have already taken place â€Å"back from the East last autumn†, the reader instantly knows that we will be given an interpretation of the events and they will all be from Nicks point of view. Nick talks about â€Å"Midas and Morgan and Maecenas† all three of these men were renowned for their wealth. Morgan and Maecenas were real men, whereas Midas’s story is a Greek myth. By mentioning both myth and reality in the first chapter Fitzgerald tells the reader that myth and reality will be mixed throughout the novel. Fitzgerald introduces most of the main characters within this chapter as part of the establishment of the text. Gatsby is the first to be introduced excluding Nick, which could suggest that Gatsby is the protagonist of the novel. Later on in the chapter we are introduced to Tom, Daisy and Jordan as Nick goes to a dinner party over at East egg. Fitzgerald has Nick use exaggerations of expressions and body language to create an impression of Tom Buchannan and the others in East egg. Fitzgerald has Nick harshly describe Tom as being â€Å"arrogant† and powerful â€Å"not even the effeminate swank of his riding clothes could hide the enormous power of that body† by using this description Fitzgerald highlights his role as a dominant male, Fitzgerald supports this by the use of direct speech from Tom â€Å"I am stronger and more of a man than you are†, this again shows that Tom believes  he is above everybody else again re-enforcing his arrogance. Fitzgerald uses oxymoron’s to describe the way in which Tom handles Nick â€Å"he turned me around again politely and abruptly† this shows that Nick as a narrator is contradicting himself hence causing the reader to question his narrat ion once again. Throughout the chapter, Nick uses adverbs such as â€Å"accusingly† and â€Å"helplessly† when referring to Daisy, allowing Fitzgerald to give the impression that she is dominated by Tom and that they are living in a patriarchal society. This contrast is displayed by Nick’s use of adverbs such as â€Å"decisively†, â€Å"restlessly† and â€Å"crossly† when retelling Tom’s speech, showing Tom’s power. During the dinner where also introduced to myrtle in a way as her phone call interrupts dinner, we also find out about how Jordan talks about her Tom and his family, â€Å"Tom’s got some woman in new York†, therefore showing she’s not a very trustworthy character. Fitzgerald also uses simile’s to add more emphasis to the point he is making â€Å"compelled me to the room as though he were moving a checker to another square†, this also shows Tom’s power. towards the end of the chapter Nick witnesses Gatsby standing at the end of his lawn, nick describes the way in which Gatsby held out his arms as â€Å"curious† this gives the reader an urge to want to read on and find out what the green light is and what significance it holds in relation to Gatsby. Fitzgerald makes Nick use the word â€Å"vanished† at the end of the chapter which give the chapter a more dramatic end.

Thursday, November 14, 2019

Evil From Morals :: essays research papers

Evil From Morals By textbook definition, evil is "What is morally wrong, what hinders the realization of good" (Webster). If that is evil, then what is good? It's "what is morally excellent, virtuous, well behaved, dutiful." (Webster) Philosophers have argued over what evil is and why it exists for thousands of years. They have raised questions like ‘How can there be a God if there is evil?' These questions were raised due to God's nature: he is said to be all-powerful, all- knowing and all-good. If this is the case, why doesn't he stop evil? And, since people are supposed to be created in God's image, why are they capable of moral evil? If one believes that God exists, there can only be one answer: evil exists because God allows it, and moral evil exists because God has given us freedom of choice. Evil has been looked at in many different ways throughout the years. Philosophers like Socrates and Plato believed evil was a matter of ignorance. Ancient Persians saw good and evil as two principles, "engaged in a perpetual struggle."(Collier) In reality, evil is merely the absence of good. "The essence of all reality is good, evil is merely the faulty reflection of reality found in a world of particulars."(Funk & Wagnalls) There can be many different types of evil. Two of such types are moral evil and natural evil. Natural evil consists of things like pain and suffering, while moral evil consists of making ‘bad' decisions. "Moral evil depends on the exercise of human will; natural evil is independent of this." (MacGregor) The main difference between these two evils is that people are unable to control natural evil, while moral evil depends on their will. Some people even say physical evil is a human necessity; "Without the evil of pain, man would not be warned of illness and of danger". (Colliers) In life, there are times where ‘bad' people are better off than `good' people. Why is this? Some say it is a test for the soul, and rewards await us. "The human family is as one, and its members help one another by their good actions as the also cause suffering to one another for their faults"(Collier). As an example, take what happened to Jesus. He suffered for all sins of mankind, and through this saved them all. But what of moral evil, which consists of things like murder, which people can control? Why does God permit it if the consequences are undesirable? To understand why moral evil exists, the concept of free will must be understood. Freedom of choice, or free will is "the power and exercise of

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Asses sociological explanations for ethnic differences in educational achievement Essay

Asses sociological explanations for ethnic differences in educational achievement. 20 marks. Ethnicity refers to shared cultural practices, perspectives, and distinctions that set apart one group of people from another. That is, ethnicity is a shared cultural heritage. The most common characteristics distinguishing various ethnic groups are ancestry, a sense of history, language and religion. Modern Britain is said to be a multicultural society made up of many different ethnic groups. Achievement within education is very varied across cultures, with some such as Chinese and Indian students performing above the average, and African-Caribbean and Pakistani students performing well below average. There are many factors which can reduce a child from an ethnic backgrounds attainment. For instance, Material deprivation. Material deprivation focuses on income inequality and the material problems that are associated with it. An example of such a study is J. W. B Douglas, ‘The Home and The School’ (1964). He argued that an interlocking network of inequalities existed which operated against many working class students. This included, differential effects of regional and variations in educational provision and expenditure. Also, housing and environmental factors. Which led to chances of access to ‘good’ primary schools. Therefore, hindering the chance of access to top streams. As a result, minority ethnic children are more likely to live in low-income households. This means they face the problems that Douglas highlighted, the material factors, such as poor quality housing, no working space and even possibly bad influence of peers. One other reason for differences in educational achievement between ethnicities is the basic family life. African-Caribbean communities have a high level of lone parenthood. Actually, it is estimated 50% of African-Caribbean households have a lone-parent . This can mean that many face financial problems, this can lead to lower achievement in school (Douglas’ material factors). Conversely, single mothers can be a positive role model or influence for many young girls, meaning they perform better in education. Another explanation for ethnic differences is Language. For many children of an ethnic minority English is not their primary language. This can be a disadvantage because they may not understand exams as well as others. Also they might struggle to express themselves with limited English. Finally, some teachers may mistake poor English for a lack of intelligence, when actually this could be completely untrue, meaning that a clever child may be let down by the teacher who might not push the student to their full potential. However, you could argue that Chinese and Indian students first language isn’t English, on the other hand in these two cultures it is the norm to learn English as a strong second language. Therefore, they are not hindered by the second language barrier, as opposed to Bangladeshi’s for example. Language was such a big issue that Bernstein (1973) categorised students into two groups. Elaborated and restricted. In the case of an elaborated code, the speaker will select from a relatively extensive range of alternatives. However in the case of a restricted code the number of these alternatives is often severely limited. Bernstein’s work was not always praised. For instance, Labov (1974) argued that young blacks in the United States, although using language which certainly seems an example of the restricted code, nevertheless display a clear ability to argue logically. Their lack of knowledge concerning the subject may reach further than just the exams they have to take. For instance, due to the large amount of failing black Caribbean’s and Bangladeshi’s (a combined total of 41% managed to get 5 A* – C grades), teachers may be subconsciously prejudiced against ethnic minorities. This can lower the students attainments in many ways, one is that the teachers give the student lower grades. Another way is that the teacher negatively labels a student of ethnic minority which can lead to self-fulfilling prophecy. Racism can also lead to conflict between students and teachers, making learning a much harder task. Lastly, racism can lead to low-self esteem among ethnic minorities. A researcher who studies this was Howard Becker (1971). Becker Interviewed 60 Chicago high school teachers. He found that they judged pupils according to how closely they fitted image of â€Å"ideal pupil†. Their conduct & appearance influenced judgement. Middle class was closest to ideal, working class furthest away & labelled as badly behaved. As a result you can see, if teachers labelled students on how they look, you can imagine how they would label a whole ethnic race. Another factor for ethnic differences in educational achievement is the ethnocentric curriculum. There are several reasons why ethnic minorities may struggle due to this curriculum. One is that the subjects often focus on British culture; naturally White British students will have grown up with this culture, so they might have a greater understanding of the content than students who grew up in a different culture. Another reason is that the content of the curriculum could lower ethnic minorities self-esteem, this is because often the white character is seen as â€Å"good† and superior whilst the ethnic minorities are seen as â€Å"not as academic†. However, it is crucial not to forget that every ethnic minority underachieves at this level. In fact, in the UK, Chinese and Indian pupils score better grades than the â€Å"White† ethnic race. One of the main reasons for this is the support of the parents. Research has shown that some parents of ethnic minority, such as Chinese and Indian, take more interest in their child’s education, they also encourage their child more than other in other cultures. This obviously leads to higher achievement for the child. Not only the parents play a part. Some teachers may stereotype some ethnic minorities to be intelligent and hard-working. This encouragement and sort of support can aid a student in raising their grades. To conclude, there are many sociological explanations for the ethnic differences in educational achievement, from language barriers to family life at home. However, it is important to remember not all ethnic minorities to underachieve. Rafi Kentafi – Lindill 12P.

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Endless Love For My Family Essay

Someone once said, â€Å"Love is the answer everyone seeks. Love is the language every heart speaks.† Funny isn’t it? Although every country, every city, every individual is so completely and utterly different in thousands of ways, we all have one common desire. Love we crave the experience, even when there is no one to experience it. It’s many a time’s said that love is even created by people it was never meant to be found with. Purely and solely because, from day one the idea that you need another human being to validate your existence has been engraved into the mind of every individual, In past generations love was a magnificent feeling, that everyone dreamt about, in today’s society love is no longer a feeling but more so an obsession one cannot live without. My obsession has been my family, which includes my sister, My Mom and My father. Sisters are one kind of the best friends you have in your life. My Sister She is another important part of my life after my mother, She is older than me but we are still life best friends, I know I fight with her more than everyone, sometimes I hate her a lot but still I love her a lot, When I complete my High School I told my parents I’m not going study but I will just do some odd jobs , my sister she really get hard on me and told me no you should do your bachelor’s degree so u can a good job in future, I did listen to her and started my 1year of college , everything is really hard for me but she is always there to help me out with all my stuffs, She really wanted to see me completing my bachelors I don’t know If I can do that or not but still I’m working on it She is like my guardian angel/ having somebody to whom you can look at without being judged. Having a mother is the best thing that one can have in life. Its often said that to have a mom is like having God by your side. My Mother is the important part of life; she is the one who give birth to me without complaining about all the pains she have been through. My mother is one of the people I must respect and love. she is the one who gets me into this world, She was always there when I need a best friend to share my story’s, She teach me how to walk, how to draw, how to pronounce, She taught me everything, She taught me more than anyone else, not only inspired me the strength to overcome hardships in my life, It is unconditional love that my mother feels that drive these feelings. Father is the best foundation one can have in life. You have a live streaming of being responsible. Father is  one important part of your upbringing. My father is my role model whom I have followed thru all my life, I always wanted to be like him, but now when I look at him I know how hard it is to be like him, He always supported me with everything t hat possibly I could have ask for, He is my everything my banker: whenever I need money he would be there to fund me When I stuck with a math problem he would be my teacher and help me out , When I would seek help to make my decision this ,man has been there to help me out and be my mentor, I know There will be obstacles and unexpected turns in my life but My father will be always there for me. I remember one thing what my father asked me to remember all the time is â€Å"Don’t let anyone tell you what you can or can’t do.† And I always remember this thing when I’m suffering from hard time I love him a lot. â€Å"But who I am with you, is who I really want to be. You’re so good for me. When I am holding you, it’s like I have the world in my hands. Yeah a better man is who I am with you.† Quoted from the popular Chris Young song â€Å"Who I am with you†. The concept of love has been transformed into the idea that out of the billions of people on the planet, But for me my family has been the reason for love. Said individual is supposed to possess the ability to change the personality and actions of another human being purely based on the overwhelming affection they hold. The Oxford dictionary defines love as â€Å"A strong feeling of affection and sexual attraction for anyone.† If love is merely a feeling of attra ction why has it ever taken 90% of the media world?

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Analysis of An Arundel Tomb Essays

Analysis of An Arundel Tomb Essays Analysis of An Arundel Tomb Paper Analysis of An Arundel Tomb Paper An Roundel Tomb was first published In The Whitish Weddings in 1964, a number of reviewers singled the poem out for comment. Christopher Rills, in The New York Review of Books, described Larkin as the best poet England now has, and said of the collection people will be grateful for its best poems for a long time. Risks listed An Roundel Tomb as one of the six best poems. Praise came also from Joseph L. Feather-stone, in New Republic, who used the last two lines of the poem to illustrate his point that [Larkin] is especially good at gathering up the substance of a mingle slow-paced poem and concentrating it Into enormously powerful last lines, lines that echo after they are read. For Louis L. Mart, In The Yale Review, An Roundel Tomb was a perfect poem, and Like Featheriness he also chose to comment on the last two lines: That open utterance of the long-repressed sentiment emerges with an effect of ironic hesitation. Our modern inference from the sculptured hands is only our own simplification of the imagery: for that other age had a broader meaning in its splutter that we can never apprehend. What remains Is our own attitude, based upon the almost-instinct of what we wish come true. In the years that have elapsed since its publication, An Roundel Tomb has come to occupy an important place in Larrikin work. Almost all book-length treatments of Larrikin poetry accord ample space to an analysis of it. Bruce Martin, in Philip Larkin, uses the poem as an example of the preeminence of love in Larrikin scheme of values. Andrew Motion, In his biography of the poet, calls It one of his most moving evocations of the struggle between time and human tenderness. Roger Bowen, in Death, Failure, and Survival in the Poetry of Philip Larkin, argues that An Roundel Tomb marks an important transition in the poets work, in terms of his exploration of the meaning of death. In his later poems, Larkin begins to expre ss a view of death in relation to a world which perpetually renews itself. In this latter view A quiet trust Is sometimes apparent, a trust in continuity, a belief in something undiminished somewhere . Which will survive beyond his Individual extinction. Seen In this light, An Roundel Tomb is an assertion about the future. A belief in some kind of spiritual survival. Other critics, however, have not been so ready to read the poem in such a positive light. Particular attention has been paid to the last two lines as the key to Interpretation. James Booth, In Philip Larkin: Writer, writes, The sleight of hand whereby the final line appears to be a celebration of the transcendence which the whole sentence denies is pathetically ineffective. It is as far as the poet can honestly go. And Andrew Carsick, in Out of Reach: The Poetry of Philip Larkin, expresses a similar view: Their Joined hands do not represent the triumph of love over time, but our delusion wish that it might be so. Deterrence AT Interpretation notwithstanding, An Roundel loom NAS always Eden a favorite of Larkin readers. A sign of the high esteem in which it is generally held is the fact that it was one of three poems by Larkin that were read aloud at his memorial service held in Loons Westminster Abbey in 1986. Info from answers. Com

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

6 Things You Must Ask Before Accepting a Job Offer

6 Things You Must Ask Before Accepting a Job Offer Got the job? Great. Now you need a crash course in negotiating. Don’t be too difficult or demanding, but do ask for what you want and need- respectfully and professionally. Here are 6 things to make sure you discuss before you sign the contract.1. The Money You WantSalary is the number one negotiated term for any new position. Do your research into the industry standards for your position, taking into account any extra expertise you might have- or any missing links. If you’re going to ask for more money, be prepared to explain why you deserve it. And why it would be in their best interests to spend the extra cash to get you on board.2. SweetenersIf you’re lucky enough to be in a field that typically offers signing bonuses, that can help mitigate a slightly lower salary offer. Again, do your research. Don’t ask for anything extortionate or too far out of the ordinary. But do use it as leverage if the hiring manager says they’d really like to offer yo u a higher salary, but they just don’t have the authorization. Maybe they can get the authorization for a signing bonus.3. Vacay DaysTime off is important to most of us. It might even be more important to you than your annual salary. If this is your main demand, you can ease up on the money talk and ask for compensation in more vacation days. Don’t forget to mention that your productivity increases exponentially when you have time off to reset.  4. Regular ReviewsHungry to get up the ladder? Not totally jazzed by your new job title? Make sure to formally request performance reviews. If you’re doing your job well, this is the surest way to title bumps and increased compensation. Show ‘em what you’ve got!5. Moving MoneyIf you need to uproot and go halfway across the country, be sure to ask for relocation assistance. Most companies have a separate budget for this. Be sure to go into the negotiation with a clear idea of how much your move is going to cost so you know how much you’ll need to ask for.  6. The Opportunity for FlexibilityThis can be a tough one, since the company doesn’t know your work style yet. They don’t know how productive and fabulous you are, because you haven’t shown them. But if schedule freedom is that important to you, or to your work, it’s okay to mention it in these initial negotiations.Remember: negotiating isn’t easy. And salary is just one piece of the puzzle. Make sure you know what your needs and wishes are, then rank them in order of importance. You can’t ask for everything right out of the gate, but you can (and should) ask for the most important.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Globalization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 4

Globalization - Essay Example Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world. (Website: Globalization makes use of modern technological advancements and also focuses on the quick transfer of technology, to keep with the changing world. Therefore, Globalization is a phenomenon that charges towards progress and engulfs the whole world, in this process. The development in technology has led to the process of Cloning and other artificial forms of life. Today, we have hybrid varieties of fruits and vegetables being imported from various parts of the world; which truly symbolises globalization.

Friday, November 1, 2019

Discussion board homework Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Discussion board homework - Coursework Example The outdoor, fitness and aviation segments contributed to 63% of the revenue. A loss in foreign currency has been realized of $ 44 million compared to a gain of $ 12 million last year, and the company is projecting earnings of about $ 2.88 billion in terms of revenue. The outdoor segment and auto segment have a decline in revenue of 10% and 11% respectively. For the auto sector, it has been because of a fall in the Personal Navigation Device (PND) industry, as a result of competition from the mobile industry and other competitors. The article remains significant in the essay as it not only provided crucial financial information but indicates the diverse segments where the company excels. With the above research, comprehensive business analysis can be put in place for Garmin, and this can aid in outlining the areas of strength and weaknesses. It is because the figures clearly depict the revenue generated from each segment. The data above can thus be used to come up with a strategy primarily to strengthen the areas where the company is likely to maximize its net income. For instance, it can concentrate in the fitness segment that has gained popularity, and that is likely to generate supernatural

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Assignment 1 Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 4

1 - Assignment Example The company has been in existence since 1980. The company is well set up and its employees have an average of 8 years work experience. All of their 30 personnel have at least a college qualification. This company has their own equipments which are maintained in their site. This vendor does not respond with haste to projects but offer quality service and is averagely flexible. Upon contract agreement, they start work after 6 to 8 weeks. It employs its own equipment and can work into the night to complete the project but charge for every extra hour. In case an extra item arises a charge of 200 dollars per hour is levied with equipment if required. The company has operated from 1995. The personnel of this vendor on average have a working experience of 10 years. They have fewer employees than vendor 1, as they have 18 full time employees. All the 18 employees are as qualified as the ones for vendor 1. Just like vendor 1 they are not very quick in responding to projects. Unlike vendor 1, it is highly flexible but offer moderate quality service. It also has some of its equipment maintained in site. Upon contract agreement, they start work after 4 weeks which quicker compared to vendor 1. Vendor 2 offers a break down in its pricing and identifies what can be done in house. It can also customize and write training programs using the company’ material. In case an extra item arises a charge of 180 dollars per hour is levied with equipment if required which is less than vendor 1’s offer. The company has existed since 2000. It’s a new firm but their personnel have an average of 5 years experience. It has 10 employees who are highly qualified compared to vendor 1 and vendor 2. They respond very fast to project and are moderately flexible. The company offers acceptable quality but not outstanding. They respond a week after an agreement is reached. They can work into the night to complete the project. In case an

Sunday, October 27, 2019

The Different Types Of Custodial Sentences

The Different Types Of Custodial Sentences For this report, I have decided to focus on the effectiveness of the use of non-custodial sentences and to explore how certain types of punishment may be the reason why some criminals re-offend. Observations Of the twenty cases I witnessed, almost three-quarters of them resulted in a community order sentence or fine, with a quarter either resulting in a conditional discharge, warrant of committal or extended sentence. It appeared that the cases were dealt with subjectively; whereby individuals circumstances were taken into account before delivering a suitable sentence. For example, in one case, a young woman pleaded guilty to possession of a Class A drug, which breached her suspended sentence. As she had attended two-hundred and thirteen hours of rehabilitation (out of a possible two-hundred and fifty), had otherwise not breached her sentence and her cravings had significantly reduced over the eighteen months of her sentence, the Magistrates decided to remove her suspended sentence and offered her a six-month conditional discharge instead. In light of the theories of punishment, particularly the Self-Regulatory Penalty, I did not see how giving the defendant a conditional discharge was deemed to be a punishment. According to Braithwaite (1989), this is referred to as denunciation; whereby an otherwise upright citizen who has breached their contract with the local community is seen to be enough to shame and reintegrate them with that community. (Worrall and Hoy, 2005: 5). However, this was the defendants second offence and the self-regulatory penalty theory fails to explain why some individuals offend. On the contrary, the breach was for a drug abuse problem which, understandably, is difficult to control and therefore can be said to justify her actions. Additionally, the defendant showed signs of remorse and disappointment as her charges were read out. Her solicitor explained, in the facts of the case, that she had earnestly handed over the drugs to the police when asked to do so. Magistrates have reported that generally female defendants areà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦widely perceived to be less threatening in their behaviour and appearance, and so more deserving of compassion. (Evans and Jamieson, 2008; 119) But is this softening towards female convicts a cause for concern? In a study conducted, three Magistrates disagreed, arguing that for a woman to be brought to court was in itself a n indication of the seriousness of her conduct. (Evans and Jamieson, 2008; 119) Alternatively, the number of financial penalties given to the defendants compared with the number of community sentences given was almost equivalent. By simply imposing a fine, it hits them where it hurts-in the pocket, but is not always seen as holding the offender sufficiently accountable for their breach of contract with the community. (Young, 1989 quoted in Worrall and Hoy, 2005: 5) The paying of a fine does not constitute the same emotions of guilt or infliction of pain that would result from a punishment. In order to determine whether these sanctions are working effectively, the government and probation services need to monitor the rate of re-convictions. Studies have shown that the rate of males and females re-offending has decreased from 43.7 to 39.0 from the years 2002-2006  [1]. This reflects that the use of community penalties is having a positive effect on offenders behaviour. However, the rates of reconvictions are not reliable as they do not include offences that have not resulted in a conviction and only cover the post-two year period from the individuals previous conviction. (Davies, Croall and Tyrer: 2010; 845) Further data has shown that the likelihood of convicts reoffending is greater if the individual already has a history of previous convictions. The trends in the data show that it is often very difficult to control the behaviour or alter the attitudes of particular individuals who live the so-called life of crime. In addition to this, the chances of an individual re-offending are often influenced and affected by extraneous factors such as; age, sex, previous history of offending, types of offence, as well as the sen tence imposed. (Davies, Croall and Tyrer, 2010; 486) Thirteen of the twenty cases I witnessed were offences made by working class males between the ages of 21 and 50, with the other offences made by working class females between the ages of 32 and 45. The majority of the cases involved criminal acts of theft, violence, drug abuse and breaches of previous sentences. Having predicted that the majority of offences would be made by young males, I noted that whilst it was young men that were more frequently convicted than women, for first-time offences, the majority of them re-offended. According to Worrall and Hoy (2005; 110) Predisposing hazards, based on research, suggest that re-offending is more likely to occur in young men whose first conviction was at an early age or who have a large number of previous convictions with no recent break in the pattern. Contrastingly, the least likely to reoffend are older women with late first convictions or few previous convictions with a long gap since the last conviction. It also appears that the se riousness of the present offence holds no weight on the likelihood of reoffending. This leads me on to discuss the theory of individual deterrence. This form of punishment stems from the branch of justification known as Reductivism (Walker, 1972). This form of justification serves punishment as a preventative measure for future criminal intent thereby helping to reduce crime. However studies have indicated that quite contrary to what the theory of individual deterrence suggests- that offenders who suffer more severe or punitive penalties (including penalties specifically aimed at deterrence) are more (not less) likely to reoffend.'(West, 1982: 109; Brody, 1976: 14-16; Lipsey, 1995: 74 quoted in Cavadino and Dignan 2007: 37) Therefore, if punishment, in general, is not having the desired effect on offenders, the justice system needs to consider the personal factors and elements, relevant, which may be influencing the behaviour of offenders. Conclusion As a prospective lawyer and current law student, this experience has enhanced my understanding and awareness of current issues within the criminal justice system. Theoretically the methods of punishment in place, so far, appear to be working but in practice, are not working effectively enough. The number of individuals re-offending may have reduced but the number of people committing first-time offences has increased. Probation services need to find alternative methods of eradicating criminal behaviour, attitude and intent in order to prevent reoffending.

Friday, October 25, 2019

Child Abuse and Neglect Essay -- Violence Against Children, 2015

Child abuse in America is an ongoing problem and something needs to be done. There are approximately one million children abused annually in the United States. (Table 339) Cases of child abuse and neglect are reported every ten seconds, and researchers believe that there’s three times that amount that goes unnoticed. (Child Abuse: Know the Signs and Stop the Violence Against Children.) Something needs to be done for these children who are too weak and too powerless to help themselves. Children who have been abused are left with more than just physical scars. They have many psychological, emotional, and behavioral problems as well. Their social lives are affected dramatically, and they suffer lifelong effects. (Lambert) Children tend to be emotionally disturbed years after the abuse, many have IQ scores lower than average, and some have even been classified as mentally retarded. Children who have been abused also show signs of personality and neurological changes. (Oates 119) Sexual abuse has been linked to nightmares, bed wetting, sadness, clinging behavior, and anxiety. Children also showed more aggressive and anti-social behaviors. (Oates 127) Adults who were sexually abused are more prone to depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and drug or alcohol problems. (Oates 132-133) Studies show overwhelming evidence of the effects abuse can have on a child, and the way the effects continue into their adult lives. (Oates 135) Speech is dramatically affected from abuse and neglect. Over one third of physically abused children have language delays. (Oates 119) All aspects of language are affected. Written and oral language is affected. The area that children tend to exhibit the most difficulties with is pragmatics. They tend to be l... ...g/topics/humanserv/child_abuse/ Layman, Richard. Child Abuse. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics Inc., 1991. Moses MD, Scott . "Child Abuse." Family Practice Notebook. 08 Sept 2007. Web. 18 Oct 2014. . Oates, R. Kim. The Spectrum of Child Abuse. 8. New York: Brunner/Mazel Inc., 1996. Palusci MD, MS, Vincent J.. "Shaken Baby/Shaken Impact Syndrome." Kids Health For Parents. August 2004. Nemours Foundation. Web. 18 Oct 2014. Santrock, John W. Educational Phycology. Third. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Lambert, Regina. Personal interview. Web. 13 Oct 2014. "Table 339. Child Abuse and Neglect Cases Substantiated and Indicated— Victim Characteristics: 2000 to 2008" Census Web. 18 Oct 2014.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Julius Caeser Essay

â€Å"Beware the Ides of March† (I. iv. 52). This familiar line by the Soothsayer in Julius Caesar reflects the presence of omens and ghosts in the play. What exactly is the significance of these supernatural references? The supernatural establishes mood, develops character, and foreshadows the plot. First, the supernatural creates mood in the play. The most important mood is impending doom which gradually increases until the scene of Caesar’s assassination. This mood is first introduced with the scene of a terrible storm on the night before Caesar’s murder. Many supernatural things happen during this storm, including men on fire and lions walking on the streets of Rome. Tension is further created as Casca describes his unearthly visions. The feeling of doom continues as Calphurnia’s dream is revealed when Caesar says, â€Å"She dreamt tonight she saw my statue, / Which, like a fountain with a hundred spouts / Did run pure blood, and many lusty Romans / Came smiling and did bathe their hands in it† (II. ii. 1. 76-79). The audience feels that something is about to happen and that the dream is an omen that foreshadows Caesar’s demise. Tension builds once again as Caesar is warned repeatedly by the soothsayers to beware the ides of March. The supernatural events which occur in the play clearly help to create the mood which keeps the audience’s interest throughout the rest of the play. A second purpose of the supernatural is to reveal characters. Julius Caesar is a self-confident, conceited man when he ignores the warning of the Soothsayer in his statement, â€Å"He is a dreamer, let us leave him. Pass! † (I. ii. 1. 22-24). His words show that either Caesar does not believe in omens, or he is trying not to appear superstitious in front of the crowd to keep up his public image. Caesar is not the only character in the play who can be assessed by the way he reacts to the supernatural. Some of Brutus’ characteristics are also revealed when he comes into contact with unusual forces of nature. For instance, Brutus is unmoved when the storm is raging outside. However, when Caesar’s ghost appears in front of him, he is shown as a superstitious but noble man, who accepts his destiny. Brutus says, â€Å"The ghost of Caesar hath appeared to me / Two several times by night, at Sardis once / And last night here in Philippi fields. / I know my hour is come† (V. v. 1. 16-19). Brutus believes that everything is predetermined and that there is no way of changing his fate; therefore, he does not try to battle with it and accepts his punishment readily. Clearly, Shakespeare reveals characters through their reaction to the supernatural. The final dramatic purpose served by the supernatural is to foreshadow the plot. The storm before Caesar’s assassination is a perfect example. Casca, who is deeply influenced by the storm, describes the unusual sights, â€Å"A common slave – you know him well by sight – / Held up his left hand, which did flame and burn / Like twenty torches joined, and yet his hand, / Not sensible of fire, remained unscorched†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (I. iii. l. 15-32). These terrible phenomena prophesy violent times for Rome and the death of the emperor. Also, Calphurnia’s dream and the soothsayer’s warnings convince the audience that the murder of Caesar is inevitable. Another superstitious event that foreshadows the action, occurs in the first scene of the last act, when Cassius says: And in their steads do ravens, crows and kites Fly o’er our heads and downward look on us As we were sickly pray; their shadows seem A canopy most fatal, under which Our army lies, ready to give up the ghost. (V. i. l. 84-87) The ravens and crows are a bad omen and the audience expects the defeat of Brutus and Cassius’ troops. However, the spectators may not be sure and may, therefore, anticipate the ending with interest. Clearly, plot is developed by the supernatural. In conclusion, supernatural events create the moods of tension, suspense or impending doom; they reveal some strengths and weaknesses of the characters; and they also foreshadow the action which helps to keep the audience’s interest. The characters are warned by the forces of the supernatural about their gloomy future; everything seems to be predetermined. The spectators are left with the feeling that the destiny of humans is preordained and they cannot change their fate.

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Once Were Warriors Essay

â€Å"Forget the big players in the world; it is the people in the margins of our society whose stories are most compelling. † To what extent do you agree with this statement? Respond to this question with close reference to one or more text(s) you have studied. The Heke family that feature in the ground-breaking New Zealand film from 1994, ‘Once were warriors’ directed by Lee Tamahori are clearly a family living on the margins of society. They live in a state house next to a busy and noisy motorway in South Auckland, New Zealand. Their story is undoubtedly a compelling one: an abusive husband with a love of beer drinking and parties who gains respect from the use of his fists at the local pub; a long-suffering wife who has somehow managed to hold the family together through an obviously tumultuous 18 year marriage; a disillusioned older son who flees the dysfunctional household to join a gang; a pubescent daughter who is the de-facto mother of the family; another son who has gotten in with the wrong crowd and is committing petty theft and two younger children, Polly and Huata. Director Lee Tamahori uses a range of camera and sound techniques, dialogue and compelling themes to teach us about the dangers of excessive alcoholism and moving away from our ancestral connections. Jake ‘the muss’ Heke is a compelling protagonist. After being laid off from his job, he uses his redundancy money to bring home seafood for his family. We are initially positioned to see him as a loving and caring family man, that is until his wife Beth discovers he has been laid off and sees her dreams of buying their own home go out the window. Jake is a man of excuses who sees the dole as being â€Å"only 15 bucks a week less than my wages† and bursts into a tirade of abuse when his wife Beth resists his sexual advances after discovering the truth. Jake also excuses his own propensity for violence when he says, â€Å"Look when I get like that, get out of my way, but you’ve got to get all lippy on me. Sure I’ve a temper, but who hasn’t? † It is apparent that Jake has an inferiority complex dating right back to his courting days of Beth saying â€Å"I was never bloody good enough† and that he descends from a â€Å"long line of slaves† unlike Beth who originates from more upper-class Maori roots. What this highlights is that domestic violence, while inexcusable can often have its origin in insecurities from years beforehand. This is why men in particular need to seek help when they are struggling with issues instead of resorting to excessive bing-drinking to numb emotional pain. Jake’s wife, Beth is also on the margins of society as we see her struggling to raise her family amidst all the physical and verbal abuse around her. Gradually the low angle shots of Beth become more prominent as her courage to stand up to her abusive husband increases as also seen in her dialogue. I won’t have any more of these parties or your bloody ugly mongrel mates coming over. † Tragically, Beth’s surge in power in response to Jake’s failure to take the family to see Boogie in the Boy’s home comes too late, as unbeknownst to her, Uncle Bully has raped her daughter, Grace sending her into a downward spiral which culminates in her suicide. Beth’s cou rage in standing up to Jake and restoring the family without him is compelling. It must have inspired many women across New Zealand and indeed the world to leave behind dysfunctional and violent domestic set-ups. The fabulous low-key lighting and low angle shot of Beth at the end as she calmly informs Jake that ‘from now on I make the decisions for my family’ is inspirational and reminds us of the ‘mana, pride and spirit’ that many Maori have. She finally goes ‘home’ to her Maori ancestral roots as well as literally home to restore her devastated family in the wake of Jake’s departure. Perhaps the most compelling story of hope in the film is that of younger son, Boogie who is ‘sent into welfare’ after the state decides his family can no longer control him after his mother, Beth fails to accompany him to a court hearing (due to suffering a beating and rape at the hands of Jake) as a result of a string of petty crimes. Boogie finally gets the tough love he needs from Maori man, Bennett a distinguished tane who teaches Boogie to use ‘his taiaha on the inside,’ instead of on the outside. Boogie learns that true mana is found by using your mind and developing the inner-strength and resolve to solve problems instead of resorting to violence. Bennett, initially called a ‘black bastard’ by Boogie despite being Maori trains Boogie to reconnect with his maori tikanga and culture which effectively clears up Boogie’s confusion about his Maori identity and that this can be a source of pride. This shows that with the appropriate guidance, initially wayward youth can have a chance to redeem themselves, although this is a job parents and to a lesser extent teachers need to be doing. State foster homes should only be a last resort. In conclusion, ‘Once Were Warriors’ left an indelible mark on the psyche of many New Zealanders with its brutal violence and depiction of problems such as binge-drinking and poverty that previously were swept under the carpet. Only by examining characters on the margins of society can we truly learn how easy it is to get there ourselves if we do not value our families, our education or seek help when we are struggling with issues from our past. The story of the Heke family is a compelling one and a story we would do well to consider seriously.

Tuesday, October 22, 2019

The Only Actual Science You Need to Know for ACT Science

The Only Actual Science You Need to Know for ACT Science SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips While youmay have been toldyou need zero science knowledge to answer any ACT Science questions, this is NOT true. There are typically around four questions per test that you cannot answer without previous background knowledge.That's the difference between a 31 and a 36 on the Science section! In this article, I willgive an overview of the 13 topics that will NOT be explained in the ACT Science passages that the ACT expects you to know. The ACT assumes you know these topics from school and science class. To gather this info, I dissected dozens of previous ACT Science test sections to find the concepts you have to know. As far as we can tell, we're the only ones who have taken the time to research this. If you've gotten bad grades in science classes in school, this article will give you a refresher on the only concepts you need to know. Reminder: If you haven't already, check out our Ultimate Study Guide for ACT Science.It contains dozens of ACT Science guides going into every question type tested, strategies to tackle the questions, and how you should be organizing your prep to raise your score. In order to best answer this question of what science you actually need to know for the ACT Science section, I am going tostart with what topics the ACT says the Science section covers. According to the ACT makers, "The content of the Science Test includes biology, chemistry, physics, and the Earth/spacesciences (for example, geology, astronomy, and meteorology).† So much information. Do You Need to Be a Science Expert to Succeed on ACT Science? No, and even the ACT makers admit that â€Å"Advanced knowledge in these subjects is not required, but background knowledge acquired in general, introductory science courses is needed to answer some of the questions. The test emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall of scientific content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability.† Why Don’t You Need Expert Knowledge? In the ACT Science passages, they give you the majority of the information you need to answer the questions.They explain most of the terms within the passage. See for yourself inthis example passage, from a free ACT online practice test: You can see in this passage they give you definitions for most of the terms: refracted, seismograph, focus, shadowzone, the types of seismic waves, the difference between p and s waves. How Much BackgroundKnowledge Do You Need to Answer Most ACT Science Questions? Very little. Most of the questions can be answered using your knowledge of reading graphs and charts.Check out our article on the types of ACT Science Passages for more information about this strategy. For the questions that you can’t answer with the visuals, you can usually figure them out by reading the passage. However, there will be times you can't find the answer in the passage- and that's what we're discussing in this article. What Information Will Not Be Given in the Passage? As I mentioned earlier, there are typically around four questions per test that you cannot answer without previous knowledge.In my study of old ACT Science sections, I have found a total of 13 topics spanning biology, chemistry, physics, and math (yes, math) that you need to know. Here is the overview. I'll go into more depth on each topic below. Biology Cell Biology DNA, RNA, and Ribosomes Natural Selection Chemistry Basic Molecule Structure Freezing/Boiling Point of Water in Celsius pH Scale Molar Mass Concepts How Charges Interact Phase Changes Physics Gravity Density Formula Density Rules Math Basic Math Skills The basic overviews that I present below should be all you need toknow for the test, but I provide links to more in-depth explanations if you would like to do more reading. In our first topic, Cell Biology, you'll also see the first example of a question that you wouldn't be able to answer without prior knowledge, even after reading the passage. Knowledge Subject 1: Biology Topic 1: Cell Biology You need to know certaincell organelles (parts of cells), their functions, and whether they are found in animal or plant cells. Animal Cell Structure Lysosomes hold enzymes. Lysosomes digest food or break down the cell when it dies. Mitochondria are organelles that act like a digestive system, which takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy-rich molecules (ATP) for the cell. The cell nucleus acts asthe brain of the cell. It contains the cell's DNA, or the genetic information, from which proteins are made (see Topic 2, coming up next). It also helps control eating, movement, and reproduction. Chloroplasts only exist in plant cells and assist in the process of photosynthesis, converting light into energy (which only plants do, not animals). The cell membraneholdsall of the pieces of the cell and serves as the barrier between the cell and other cells. Belowis a sample question where you need an understanding of these organelles to select the correct answer. The chemical reaction mentioned in the passage was photosynthesis. Knowingthat photosynthesis happens inchloroplasts, I can correctly choose answer F. But nowhere in the passage was it said that chloroplasts are where photosynthesis happens! This is a fact you had to know before the test. While there are many other organelles, the ones listed above and ribosomes (which I will cover in the next topic) should be the only organelles you need to know for the test. Also, you should not need to know any other information about these organelles. If you would like to do more reading on these topics, click here. Topic 2: DNA, RNA, Ribosomes, and Protein Synthesis DNA contains the genetic information needed for making proteins (protein synthesis). Protein synthesisinvolves DNA, RNA, ribosomes, and proteins. DNA acts as the blueprint for protein production. The Process of Protein Synthesis Messenger RNA (known as mRNA) makes a copy of the sequence of DNA of a specific gene. This process is known as transcription and happens in the nucleus. Once the mRNA is made, it leaves the nucleus and enters the cytosol of the cell. Ribosomes use mRNA as aguide to make protein of the same amino acid sequence as the original DNA.The process of producing protein from the mRNA is referred to as translation. So, the process of protein synthesis consists of two steps: DNA to mRNA transcription and mRNA to protein translation.If you would like to read a more detailed summary, click here. Topic 3: Natural Selection Natural selection is also known as 'survival of the fittest.' In a specific environment, traits that allow organisms to reproduce more effectively will become more common, and traits that reduce reproductive success will become less common. A classic example of this is the change in peppered moth color during the industrial revolution. In England, the burning of coal during the industrial changed tree bark from light brown to dark brown in color. The peppered moth blended in perfectly and was hidden from predators.However, once clean air acts were passed, the trees quickly returned to a lighter color, making the dark moths easily visible to predators. Meanwhile, lighter colored moths were still hidden from view and survived to lay eggs. Thus, because of natural selection, over the course of years, the moths turned from dark to light in color!Click here for more information. The Strong Survive, the Weak Hang On Knowledge Subject 2: Chemistry Topic 4: Basic Molecule Structure The ACT Science section expects you to know the basic molecular structure of sugar, fat, protein, and nucleic acids. C6H12O6is the basic sugar molecule structure (for more on sugar molecules, click here). There are many different kids of fats: saturated, unsaturated, trans (you may have seen this on nutrition labels). The test does not expect you to know each structure. You only need to know that fatsare made up of C (Carbon), H (Hydrogen), and O (Oxygen), and to differentiate fats from sugar, fats have nearly twice the number of H as C and a very small number of O. Fats are much bigger in size than sugar (for more information on fat molecules, click here). For example,an unsaturated fat triglyceride has a chemical formula ofC55H98O6. Proteins are composed of amino acids (as I mentioned in the above section on protein synthesis, proteins are made based on the original DNA sequence). There are many different protein structures, but all proteins contain C, H, O and N (Nitrogen). Click for more information on proteins and amino acids. Nucleic acids are biomolecules. Two types of nucleic acids that we already discussed are DNA and RNA. Nucleic acids are made up of three parts: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. Nucleic acids are different from Sugar, Fat, and Proteins becausethey aremade up of P (Phosphorus) and N in addition to C, H, and O. For more information on nucleic acids, click here. Here is a sample question from the ACT: In order to answer this question, you need to look atthis equation from the passage: You then see that the Carbon from the originalCO2becomes a part ofC6H12O6.However, you need to know thatC6H12O6is a sugar molecule to get the correct answer G. Once again, the ACT expects that you know how photosynthesis works, and what the chemical formula for sugar is! You wouldn't be able to get this information from the passage. Topic #5:Freezing/Boiling Point of Water in Celsius Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius and boils at 100 degrees Celsius. That is all you need to know. Memorize those numbers. For more information, click here. Topic 6: pH Scale A pH scale is a measure of how acidic or basic a substance is. While the pH scale formally measures the activity of hydrogen ions in a substance or solution, it is typically approximated as the concentration of hydrogen ions. All you need to know is that a pH of below 7 is acidic, above 7 is basic, and at 7 is considered neutral. Fun fact: the beverage Coke has a pH of 2.50 while drinking water typically has a pH of 7.00, and hand soap has a pH of around 10. Coke's very acidic! For more information, click here. Topic 7:Molar Mass Concepts Remember the periodic table? Don't worry- you don't need to memorize molar weights of elements. The only molar mass concept you need to know is that the mass of a molecule is the sum of the mass of its atoms. This appears in an ACT question asking aboutoxygen's weight versuscarbon dioxide's weight. You need to know thatO2is lighter per molecule thanCO2because CO2has an extra Carbon atom compared to oxygen. Check out this ACT Science question: In order to answer this question, you need to use this figure from the passage as well as your outside knowledge. Figure 2 shows that the pressure exerted byO2was greater, eliminating answer choices F and G.However, nothing in the passage tells you if there are moreO2molecules per gram orCO2molecules per gram.You nowknow thatO2is lighter per molecule than CO2, sothe answer is J. For more information aboutO2versus CO2, click here. Topic 8: How Charges Interact Atoms are composed of three types of particles: protons, electrons, and neutrons. Protons are positively charged, electrons are negatively charged, and neutrons have no charge. Like charges repel each other while opposite charges attract each other. For example, two positive charges will repel each other while a positive and a negative charge will attract. For more information, click here. Topic 9:Phase Changes I already mentioned the freezing and boiling point of water in Celsius, but you also need to know the order of phase changes. Below freezing point, a material will be in solid form, just above freezing point a material will be in liquid form, above boiling point, liquid becomes gas (is vaporized). One natural way to think about this is in terms of water. When it's really cold, it turns to ice (solid). When it warms up, it turns to liquid. Then, when you boil it, it turns to steam (gas). For more information, click here. Want to learn more about ACT Science? Check out our new ACT Science prep book. If you liked this lesson, you'll love our book. It includes everything you need to know to ace ACT Science, including deep analysis of the logic behind ACT Science questions, a full breakdown of the different passage and question types, and tons of expert test-taking and study tips. Download our full-length prep book now: Knowledge Subject 3: Physics Topic 10:Gravity You need to know thatgravity is a downward force that acts on objects, and other forces (such as a spring or pulley) can counteract gravity. This will come up a lot in passages that show experiments using springs or pulleys. For more on gravity, click here. Topic 11:Density Formula Density is the degree of compactness of a substance. To calculate the density of a substance, you use the formula: Density = mass/volume For more information on density, mass, and volume, click here. Topic 12:Density Rules You need to know more about density than just the formula. You need to know the main density rule. Denser objects sink, and less dense objects float.Objects only float when they are less dense than the liquid they are placed in. An easy way to think about this: what happens when you throw a rock into water? It sinksthat's because the rock is denser than water, meaning it weighs more for the same volume. What about when you throw a styrofoam cup onto water? It floats- because styrofoam is less dense than water. For the same volume, styrofoam weighs a lot less than water. For more on this rule, click here. Knowledge Subject 4: Math Topic 13: Basic Math Skills You are not allowed to use your calculator on the science section. Yet, there are problems that require math skills like the one below. In order to solve this problem, you have to use the given information from the passage that Algol C is a 1.7 solar-mass MS Star.Then, you have to multiply 1.7 by the mass of the sun (solar-mass) given to you in the question, 2.0 x 10^30.You need to be able to do basic multiplication. 1.7 x 2.0 x 10^30= 3.4 X 10^30, so the answer is C. In order to refresh your basic math skills, I suggest during your practice to attempt some of the easier ACT Math Section questions (the first 15 questions) without using your calculator. And that's it!By knowing these concepts, you'll be able to answer any basic science question the ACT throws at you. If any of these concepts are unfamiliar to you, review them and brush off the cobwebs- you won't need to know the details beyond what's in this article, but it won't hurt to get more attuned to the science topics. What’s Next? Now that you know the basic science for ACT science, it's time to tackle the rest of the science section.Check out our article about the 3 Types of ACT Science Passages.Learnthe big secret of ACT Scienceandthe best way to read ACT Science passages. Reminder: If you haven't already, check out ourUltimate Study Guide For ACT Science.It contains dozens of ACT Science guides going into every question type tested, strategies to tackle the questions, and how you should be organizing your prep to raise your score. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep classes. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our classes are entirely online, and they're taught by ACT experts. If you liked this article, you'll love our classes. Along with expert-led classes, you'll get personalized homework with thousands of practice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step, custom program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Try it risk-free today:

Monday, October 21, 2019

please essays

please essays aquifer while rain falling onto the shoreline regions recharges the shallow aquifers system only. Earlier studies of the groundwater flow potentials at a Brookhaven landfill found that there was little to no , 1995). The town maintains a monitoring network in multi-well clusters in the vicinity of the landfill. The study concludes that there were differences found among the Upper Glacial aquifer ground water from two locals. Analysis of the data shows flowpath from the Upper Glacial aquifer into the Magothy aquifer and back to the Upper Glacial aquifer. The conclusion of the study states the two implications for the siting of public drinking water wells: First, drinking water drawn from the Magothy aquifer may contain contaminants found in the Upper Glacial aquifer, if the well is sited at the edge of the Deep-recharge Zones and is screened in the shallower portions of the Magothy aquifer. Second, public water in deeper the well is outside the Deep-recharge Zones. A resident had lived in her Sag Harbor home less than six months when she discovered by accident that it the site to her. A Manhattan couple were looking to move to Long Island with their infant twins. After putting a binder on a home they discovered that the property abutted a former landfill that had been designated a federal Superfund site. Another homeowner found that several years before, well water in the community was found to have been contaminated by chemicals leaking into the groundwater. Government officials say there is little need to be concerned for health and safety. But neighbors say there have been many cancer-related illnesses and deaths in the neighborhood, although there have been no medical studies. In any case, property values have plummeted. In the long run, fear among the residents could lead to mass migration six months when she discovered by accident that it the site to her. A Manhattan couple were ...

Sunday, October 20, 2019

Independent Genitive †Definition and Examples

Independent Genitive s The independent genitive is a construction in which the noun following the possessive form is omitted (such as We stopped at Sams), usually because the context makes the meaning clear without it. English also has independent genitive pronouns  (also called strong  or  absolute  possessive pronouns):  mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours,  and  theirs. Unlike dependent genitive pronouns (or weak possessives), which serve as determiners in front of nouns, the independent genitive pronouns take the place of phrases. For example, in the sentence Thats her book, her is dependent on the noun book, while in the sentence Thats hers, hers is independent. Scholarly Examples and Observations Eternal blue neon, were never closed.When the world is asleep,Darling, come take a seat.You can always eat at Joes,Eat at Joes.(Gary Harrison and Matraca Maria Berg, Eat at Joes. Performed by Suzy Bogguss on Voices in the Wind, 1992)My mother learned that she was carrying me at about the same time the Second World War was declared; with the family talent for magic realism, she once told me she had been to the doctors on the very day.(Angela Carter, The Mother Lode. Shaking a Leg. Penguin, 1998)I like the dry cleaners. I like the sense of refreshment and renewal. I like the way dirty old torn clothes are dumped, to be returned clean and wholesome in their slippery plastic cases.(Fay Weldon, The Heart of the Country. Viking Penguin, 1988)Apples market share is bigger than BMWs or Mercedess or Porsches in the automotive market. Whats wrong with being BMW or Mercedes?(Steve Jobs, quoted by Jason D. OGrady  in Apple Inc. Greenwood, 2009)He crossed Fifth Avenue  at St. Patricks and   recalled walking through the church once - such a tourist thing to do - and watching Lois light a candle.(Rick Hamlin, Reading Between the Lines. Howard Books, 2006) Independent and Dependent Genitives An independent genitive is not followed by a noun: An independent genitive is often used in referring to relationships between people, as in these examples. Notice that this construction has a very specific meaning. The independent genitive a friend of Carolines does not mean the same as the dependent genitive Carolines friend: Independent: We met a friend of Carolines in Spain. Dependent: We met Carolines friend in Spain. The independent genitive means one of Carolines friends, who may or may not be known to the hearer. In contrast, the dependent genitive means one specific friend, who is assumed to be known to the hearer. Independent genitives are also used in reference to places and businesses: (Gerald Nelson, English: An Essential Grammar, 2nd ed.  Routledge, 2011) A friend of CarolinesA colleague of FranksAn old army pal of JimsShe stayed at Rebeccas Rebeccas houseI ran into Jim in Sainsburys Sainsburys supermarketI left my wallet in the barbers the barbers shop Independent Genitive Pronouns Note that most of the independent forms are distinguished from the dependent forms simply by the presence of a word-final -s. The exceptions are the 1st-person independent genitive (mine rather than *mys), and the masculine and neutral forms of the 3rd-person independent genitive (his, its), which are identical to the 3rd-person dependent genitive forms. These pronouns are often described as possessive forms. This is not the most useful label, since the meaning of these forms is not restricted to expressing possession. This is shown in the examples in (27), only the first of which can be said to involve the semantic relation of possession: (27a) I must clean my car. (27b) The professors were not surprised by his failure. (27c) Their hometown is Cambridge. (Martin J. Endley, Linguistic Perspectives on English Grammar. Information Age, 2010) There are four sorts of people. (1) He who says What’s mine is mine and what’s yours is yoursthis is the average sort. (And some say, This is the sort of Sodom.) (2) Whats mine is yours and whats yours is minethis is a boor. (3) Whats mine is yours and whats yours is yoursthis is a truly pious man. (4) Whats mine is mine and whats yours is minethis is a truly wicked man. (Tractate  Abot 5:10.  The Book of Jewish Wisdom: The Talmud of the Well-Considered Life, ed. by Jacob Neusner and Noam M. M. Neusner. Continuum, 1996)

Saturday, October 19, 2019

Medieval armor Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Medieval armor - Research Paper Example However, armor was associated with rank within the military and served the purposes of the cultural event of war as much as it served the functionality of battle. As well, it often designated the role of the individual within society, the type of armor worn having relevance to class and social status. Armor served a great number of purposes within the medieval social environment and was not strictly a resource for functionality. Armor began to appear in the fourth century in Europe, often made from what was left behind by the Roman soldiers who had tried to conquer the lands. Barbarians began to construct protection from what was left behind and setting up the culture to eventually improves upon those designs. As metallurgy began to grow technologically, armor began to reflect a higher sophistication in its manufacture (DeVries and Smith 38). The many types of armor during the Middle ages are numerous and vary from one country to the next. However, the basic European styles of armor were divided by head armor and body armor, with differences in each section. Head armor was a vital form of armor in that it protected the most vulnerable and essential part of the fighter. The head was vulnerable to cutting, thrusting, and bludgeoning moves that would immediately take down or kill an offender. A common configuration of armor was a chain mail hood, called the camail or the coif de mailles, with a metal helmet placed over the chain mail (Cosman and Jones 2